Sade, Donatien-Alphonse-François, count de

(1740-1814)
(marquis de Sade)
   writer
   Born in Paris, Donatien-Alphonse-François, count de sade (or the marquis de sade as he is better known), is best recognized for his erotic works. After spending a number of years in the military, he married Renée Pelagie de Montreuil (1763) and succeeded his father as lieutenant general of several provinces (1764). His libertinage, in part seen as an aristocratic privilege, increased and, in 1768, he was sentenced to prison and fined 100 livres following a morals scandal. After imprisonment for debt (1771), a new scandal broke, connected with an orgy in Marseille (1772). Sade and his servant were condemned to death for contempt and the marquis was finally incarcerated in the fortress of Moilans, from which he escaped in 1775. Recaptured in Paris, he was imprisoned at vincennes (1777). After another escape, he was caught and jailed until 1778. subsequently, he was imprisoned at various places, including the bastille (until July 4, 1789). During the revolution of 1789, Sade divorced and again served in the military. in 1791, he published L'Adresse d'un citoyen de Paris au roi des Français, as well as Justine ou les Malheurs de la vertu and produced Oxtiern ou les Effets du libertinage (1791, published 1797). Arrested as a moderate by the Committee of Public safety, his life was saved by the fall of maximilien Robespierre. In 1795, he published La Philosophie dans le boudoir, then, in 1797, La nouvelle Justine ou les Malheurs de la vertu, suivie del l'Histoire de Juliette, sa soeur, better known as Juliette ou les Prospérities du vice. imprisoned in 1801 at Saint-Pélagie, then moved to Bicêtre after having seduced some inmates, he was finally put in the insane asylum at Charenton, where he died, receiving a religious burial against his wishes as stated in his will. His other writings include Les Journées de Florbelle ou la Nature dévoyée (1804), a work seized by the police, Adélaïde de Brunswick, princesse de Saxe (1812, published 1964), and L'Histoire secrète d'Isabelle de Bavière (1813, published 1953). As a materialist poet, Sade must be read in the context of all the philosophic literature of the 18th century. Radically subversive, he questioned all systems of authority but stands apart from other libertine writers of the age because of his emphasis on violence more than pleasure, hence the term sadism.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Sade, Marquis de — orig. Donatien Alphonse François, count de Sade born June 2, 1740, Paris, France died Dec. 2, 1814, Charenton, near Paris French novelist and philosopher. After abandoning a military career at the end of the Seven Years War, he married and became …   Universalium

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Alphonse — (as used in expressions) Capone Alphonse Daudet Alphonse Griffith Emile Alphonse Lamartine Alphonse de Mucha Alphonse Donatien Alphonse François count de Sade * * * …   Universalium

  • François — (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet François Marie Arouet Babeuf François Noë l Barras Paul François Jean Nicolas viscount de Bichat Marie François Xavier Blanchard Jean Pierre François Boieldieu François Adrien Boucher François… …   Universalium

  • Marquis de Sade — De Sade redirects here. For the 1969 film, see De Sade (film). Marquis de Sade Portrait of the Marquis de Sade by Charles Amédée Philippe van Loo (c. 1761), the only portrait that Sade actually sat for. Born 2 June 1740(1740 06 02) Paris, France …   Wikipedia

  • Marquis de Sade in popular culture — Depiction of the Marquis de Sade by H. Biberstein in L Œuvre du marquis de Sade, Guillaume Appolinaire (Edit.), Bibliothèque des Curieux, Paris, 1912 There have been many and varied references to the Marquis de Sade in popular culture, including… …   Wikipedia

  • Sadism —    Just as with its mirror image masochism, sadism has come to have three meanings: (1) the voluntary infliction of suffering; (2) in psychoanalysis, a compulsive kind of personality characterized by regression to the anal sadistic phase of… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • French literature — Introduction       the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the five major Romance languages to develop from Vulgar Latin as a result of the …   Universalium

  • List of eponyms (L-Z) — An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) whose name has become identified with a particular object or activity. NOTOC Here is a list of eponyms:A–K L M N–O P Q–R S T U–V W X–ZL* Rudolf Laban choreographer, created labanotation. * Ferruccio… …   Wikipedia

  • French literature of the 18th century — usually refers to the literature written between 1715, the year of the death of King Louis XIV of France, and 1798, the year of the coup d’État of Bonaparte which brought the Consulate to power, concluded the French Revolution, and began the… …   Wikipedia

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